Hypertension Specialist

Basant Farghaly, M.D. -  - Family Medicine

Basant Farghaly, M.D.

Family Medicine located in St Augustine, FL & Palm Coast, FL

Roughly 1 in 3 men and women in the United States have high blood pressure, also known as hypertension. Since high blood pressure drastically increases your risk of developing heart disease, you need to get expert hypertension care at Basant Farghaly MD in St. Augustine, Florida, right away. Dr. Farghaly, a board-certified family physician, can help get your blood pressure back on track. To learn more, book an exam online or over the phone today.

Hypertension Q & A

What causes hypertension?

If you have hypertension, more commonly known as high blood pressure, this means that the force of blood that pushes against the walls of your arteries is too high. Some pressure is normal since your heart has to work hard to push blood throughout your body. But too much pressure can lead to artery damage, clots and blockages, and overall wear-and-tear on your heart.

There are two kinds of hypertension: primary hypertension and secondary hypertension. Primary hypertension is identified as hypertension that has no identifiable cause and usually develops gradually over many years. Secondary hypertension is caused by an underlying medical issue. Hypertension can be caused by:

  • Being overweight
  • Thyroid problems
  • Kidney diseases
  • Birth defects in your blood vessels
  • Prescription medications, including birth control

In many cases, treating the source of your high blood pressure can help bring it down to a safe range.

How is hypertension diagnosed?

High blood pressure is easy to diagnose through a simple test that involves placing a cuff around your arm. The cuff inflates and uses a pressure-measuring gauge to evaluate your blood pressure. Normal blood pressure should be at or below 120/80 mm Hg.

If your reading is above this, you might have high blood pressure. It’s normal to have elevated blood pressure and a higher-than-normal heart rate during a doctor’s exam though. Because of this, Dr. Farghaly monitors your blood pressure regularly and can even teach you how to check your blood pressure at home, so you can get a better analysis of your blood pressure average.

If you continue having high blood pressure readings, or if your blood pressure reaches 140/90 mm Hg or higher — Stage 2 hypertension — Dr. Farghaly can get you started on treatment.

What is the treatment for hypertension?

Bringing your blood pressure down to a normal range won’t happen overnight. It takes dedication to follow your personalized treatment plan to reduce hypertension. Depending on the severity of your high blood pressure, and whether or not you have any other heart disease risk factors, like high cholesterol, your treatment can involve:

  • Weight loss planning
  • Reduced-sodium diet
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Alpha or beta blockers
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
  • Fluid and sodium-reducing medications

Dr. Farghaly will schedule you for regular follow-up visits to ensure your blood pressure treatment is working. If needed, she can make adjustments to your plan or prescription medications.

To start on your path to a healthier heart, book an appointment online or over the phone with Basant Farghaly MD today.